Sunny Tang Ottawa Link To Sifu Link to Main Section Bar Link to Ving Tsun link to school link to Family location

The Ving Tsun Story

Sil Lim Tao
Chum Kiu
Biu Chee

Chi Sau

Wooden Man
Luk Dim Poon Kwan
Pah Chum Do

Watch the video.
The Study of Ving Tsun using a Conceptual Framework.
First in a series entitled "The Study of Ving Tsun using a Conceptual Framework."
Run time 13:37

Introduction to Chi Sau: the Signature of Ving Tsun Kung Fu

Of all the exercises found within the Ving Tsun Kung Fu System, none is more important to the Ving Tsun practitioner for overall development than the exercise we call Chi Sau.

Fundamentally, the day a student begins his/her training is the day we embark on the path of Chi Sau. Sil Lim Tao, the first form of Wing Chun, introduces the student to the centerline, the development and storage of energy, the release of energy, attention to detail and importance of structure. More importantly than all of these is physical and mental relax-ation which is also linked to the economy of motion.

The student is then introduced to the basic two man exercises of Pak Sau, Lap Dah and Gan Dah to reinforce the nature of each hand using the centerline as the reference point. We then come to what is considered the most important hurdle before embarking upon Sheung Chi Sau (Double Arm Chi Sau) and that is single hand Chi Sau or Dan Chi Sau. Although seemingly simple, it contains the seeds which allow the student to understand the importance of maintaining the centerline while in contact with the opponent. The hands continue developing the forward, sensitive, penetrating, interpretive hands that Ving Tsun is so famous for. The student utilizes the best hand in the best position to attack or defend the centerline. The hands are introduced to the concept of economy of motion at an early stage of training. In all martial arts contact with your opponent is inevitable thus Dan Chi Sau introduces the student to contact on the centerline in order that the student learns the correct Ving Tsun hand to maintain the centerline regardless of whether the hand is in the indoor or outdoor position.

As with all Ving Tsun theories, it is based on simple efficient and reasonable use of, in this case, the hands to maintain and occupy the centerline. Consequently, in Ving Tsun we are continually striving to either remain or to regain the centerline while remaining in contact with our opponent. Timing and coordination are introduced as well as distance awareness and the sensitivity to resistance.

To achieve correctness and understanding, the exercise must be guided according to the Si Hing/Si Dai relationship. This is where the older brother/sister guides the younger family member to the understanding of "sticking" to the opponent on the centerline. The three pillar techniques of Bong Sau, Tan Sau and Fuk Sau are used to emphasize the importance of correct structure and flow of energy from one hand position to the other. The subtle motion of Go Bong Sau, Tan Sau, Fuk Sau, Jut Sau, and Chung Choi (punch) demonstrate the correct nature of outdoor and indoor attack while at the same time regaining or maintaining the centerline from the outdoor or indoor positions. The importance of the forward sticking nature of Ving Tsun hands cannot be overstated so as to perceive your opponent's intent. Without this sticking one cannot sense the opponents weakness in order to attack. At the same time your hands learn to "sense" your opponents intent before he/she can even begin to launch the attack. The Ving Tsun student thus learns to allow the opponent to guide him/her to the opponent's weakness and ultimately to defeat. The process begins here and simply continues to grow and expand to Chi Sau, but the proper growth requires proper structuring of these sequences of events. The method is very important in structuring success.

With time the sticking nature of each hand becomes extremely subtle and reacts instantaneously with a minimum of effort to maintain control of the centerline. In Dan Chi Sau the student is guided to achieve the use of the correct technique at the correct time. This exercise requires correct distancing, timing, coordination, stick-ing and of course relaxation. If the horse stance "Yi Chi Kim Yeung Ma" is properly used then the student will not overextend thus losing his balance or on the other hand be Chuk Kiu or jammed when performing the exercise. Partners must face each other with their centerlines, shoulders square (Doi Yeng) to avoid loss of balance due to over-extension. Each element or detail of the exercise must be performed with complete understanding of the component parts. It is essential to maintain a sticking energy at the wrist area throughout the entire exchange between partners. Each partner is connected to the other, feeling and reading smoothly and cleanly without jerking the hands or losing contact. You are one with your opponent and vice versa. There is no winner or loser in Ving Tsun both partners are winners and share a sense of confidence, trust and respect with each other. In time the Si Hing leads the Si Dai to greater skill, confidence and fearlessness which will come about naturally and effortlessly with the correct method of training. The left and right hand are trained, independently, to occupy the indoor or outdoor positions correctly when performing the entire cycle of the exercise. When striking, your partner occupies the centerline by striking to the centerline with the knuckles; do not strike or hit your partner, rather correctly position the wrist and elbow. This exercise is about proper use of "sticking", positioning of shoulders, elbow, and wrist. Maintaining a good horse stance, relaxation of the mind and body, energy forward, correct technique, leverage, etc...

As your training continues each student will then discover their own personal insights and meanings thus gathering greater insights as to the profound nature of Wing Chun.

Proud Supporter of the International Wushu Federation, Wushu Canada, and a dedicated member of Wushu Ontario.